Knee Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Posted on January 22nd, 2024 by Orthopaedic Specialty Group

Knee arthritis is a common orthopedic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can significantly impact one’s quality of life, causing pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. In this blog, the Orthopaedic Specialty Group team explores the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for knee arthritis to help individuals better understand and manage this condition.

Understanding Knee Arthritis

Arthritis is a term that refers to the inflammation of joints, and knee arthritis specifically affects the knee joint. The two most common types of arthritis that affect the knee are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.


  • Symptoms: Osteoarthritis is often characterized by pain, swelling, and stiffness in the knee joint. Pain may worsen with activity and improve with rest.
  • Causes: Aging, wear and tear on the joint, and genetic factors are primary contributors to osteoarthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Symptoms: Rheumatoid arthritis typically involves joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. It is an autoimmune condition that can affect multiple joints, including the knees.
  • Causes: The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, but it is believed to involve a malfunctioning immune system attacking the joints.

Diagnosing Knee Arthritis

If individuals experience persistent knee pain or stiffness, it is crucial to consult with an orthopedic specialist for a proper diagnosis. Diagnostic tools such as X-rays, MRIs, and joint fluid analysis may be used to assess the extent of joint damage and determine the appropriate course of treatment.

Treatment Options For Knee Arthritis

  • Medications: Pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and disease-modifying medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms and slow the progression of arthritis.
  • Physical Therapy: A tailored exercise program can help improve joint flexibility, strengthen surrounding muscles, and enhance overall joint function.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms, and using assistive devices can contribute to better knee health.
  • Injections: Corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections may provide temporary relief by reducing inflammation or lubricating the joint.
  • Surgical Interventions: In cases where conservative measures are ineffective, surgical options such as arthroscopy or knee replacement surgery may be considered.

For exceptional orthopaedic care, contact Orthopaedic Specialty Group in Connecticut!

It’s crucial to seek expert medical treatment if you struggle with problems or pain associated with your bones or joints, such as knee arthritis. Contact Orthopaedic Specialty Group on our website or give our professionals a call at (203) 337-2600, and let us know how we can help you! Don’t let that pain hold you back from living your life. Your health and safety are our top priority.