What Are The Effects of Multiple Sclerosis on The Body?

Posted on March 25th, 2021 by Orthopaedic Specialty Group

March is Multiple Sclerosis Awareness Month, which encourages individuals to educate themselves on this health condition that affects millions of people and to support those who have been diagnosed.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative and inflammatory immune condition that hurts and breakdowns the body. Individuals with this condition experience a wide variety of symptoms all over the body as a result of nerve damage that progresses continually. 

Here are the common health issues faced by individuals with MS:

The Brain and The Immune System

The immune system attacks their myelin sheath, which is composed of cells that protect the nervous system in those with MS. As these cells become more and more damaged, more nerves are exposed in the brain, making it difficult to send signals to the rest of the body. Due to this disconnection, some of the symptoms that may be experienced include: 

  • Vertigo
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Memory problems
  • Changes in personality
  • Emotional changes
  • Weakened immune system

Vision and Hearing Loss

For many people, vision problems, such as double vision, blurriness, and pain are the first sign of MS they experience. The sight problems are often temporary and are likely a result of nerve inflammation or eye muscle fatigue. In more severe cases, people with MS may have hearing problems and deafness as well, which can be temporary or permanent.

Muscle Weakness

Most people with MS suffer from pain, tingling, and numbness throughout their limbs. They may also experience poor hand-eye coordination, muscle weakness, and gait. These effects typically progress as the nerve damage becomes more severe. Often, individuals will then need the assistance of wheelchairs, canes, and other assistive devices.

Speaking, Swallowing, and Breathing

Individuals with MS may have trouble speaking, including slurring, hoarseness, poor articulation, and volume control issues, which often occur in times of severe fatigue and difficulty breathing. Swallowing may also become problematic and can mean serious problems.

Digestive System

Problems with bladder and bowel control are typical amongst those with MS. These problems can include intense constipation, diarrhea, and loss of bladder control.  

Orthopaedist in Fairfield County

It’s crucial to seek expert medical treatment if you are dealing with problems or pain associated with your bones or joints. Give the professionals at Orthopaedic Specialty group a call at (203) 337-2600 and let us know how we can help you! Don’t let that pain hold you back from living your life. Your health and safety are our top priority.