Herniated Discs: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Posted on July 31st, 2023 by Orthopaedic Specialty Group

What is a Herniated Disc?

Herniated discs, also known as slipped discs or ruptured discs, can be a source of significant pain and discomfort for millions of people worldwide. While herniated discs can occur anywhere in the spine, the lower back and neck are the most commonly affected areas. 

In this blog post, the back pain experts at Orthopaedic Specialty Group will discuss the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of herniated discs. Whether you are experiencing back pain or simply want to learn more about this condition, this blog is for you:

Causes of Herniated Discs

The spinal discs are rubbery cushions that act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae in the spine. A herniated disc occurs when the soft inner material of the disc protrudes through the outer layer. This can happen due to wear and tear over time, degenerative disc disease, or sudden trauma to the spine. Factors that can increase your risk of developing a herniated disc include age, genetics, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Symptoms of Herniated Discs

The symptoms of a herniated disc can vary depending on the location and severity of the injury. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area
  • Weakness
  • Muscle spasms 
  • Sciatica, causing pain that radiates down the leg

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention promptly.

Diagnosis of Herniated Discs

To diagnose a herniated disc, your doctor will perform a physical exam and may order tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans. They will look for signs of nerve damage, such as loss of reflexes or muscle weakness. These tests can also help determine the location and severity of the herniated disc. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor will develop a treatment plan based on your symptoms and medical history.

For exceptional orthopaedic care, contact Orthopaedic Specialty Group in Connecticut!

It’s crucial to seek expert medical treatment if you struggle with problems or pain associated with your bones or joints. Give the professionals at Orthopaedic Specialty Group a call at (203) 337-2600, and let us know how we can help you! Don’t let that pain hold you back from living your life. Your health and safety are our top priority.